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Diary Entry for the year 1810

Accounts entry


January 1810

1st – 21stJanuary 1810

8th January 1810

15th January 1810

20th January 1810

Surveying at Bishopstone

Paid Wm Belcher 7 days and 1s to drink £1 2s 0d

Paid Boy at Bishopstone in full £1 1s 0d

Paid for two New Girts 4s

Paid postage of Letters Bishopstone Inclosure 6s 8d

Paid Thomas Short for information Bishopstone 5s 6d

Ditto 11s 6d

The Act to inclose Bishopstone [North Wiltshire] had been passed in June 1809 and we may assume that Martin got to work quickly afterwards. One of the Commissioners appointed to oversee the inclosure was John Martin’s cousin: William Jennings.

One of the principal landowners was Henry Fox-Strangways the third Earl of Ilchester. Martin derived much work from the Earl.

22nd – 24th January 1810

Bishopstone Inclosure Meeting Receiving Objections to Claims

Charge 10s/6d for carriage of Map

Paid Man Bringing Box from Bishopstone 2s 6d

My share of Bill £2 2s 2d

The inclosure was controversial many commoners objecting to it before the Act was passed. Afterwards we may suspect that they were in no mood to let their rights be trampled on possibly explaining the four days it took to examine their claims.

25th– 26th January 1810

Do. [Ditto] Returning Home

Paid returning Home £1 3s 6d

Expenses 6d

An interesting detail as to how long travel took in those days. The distance between Bishopstone and Evershot [according to Google ,using the A303] as 89.4 miles taking 2 hrs and 7 min. He made the return six times during the year.

27th January 1810

At Home

A very common entry and in the later diaries almost the only entry on Sunday’s.

28thJanuary 1810

Went part of the way to Wareham to pay duty of Auction.

There are no details of what auction he is referring to.

29th January 1810

Returned Home from Wareham and went to supper at Mr Stones

Expenses this day 4s.

30th January 1810

At Home

31st January 1810



1st -4th February 1810

At Home

5th February 1810

At Home

A number of entries in the 1810 diary relate to farming matters. Land surveyors had to have a deep understanding of how agriculture was conducted.This entry was in the accounts section.

Taken from the Farmers Journal in Berks 60lb of wheat will return 37 of the finest Flower [sic] & 14lb of two inferior kinds 8lb of Bran & ½ of waste Spring Wheat produces two or 3lb more Bran & is sown in general instead of Barley Wheat 10s Barley 5 or 5s 6d Oats 2/5d or 4s The above would produce ample profit to the Farmer and enable him to pay Taxes 1810




















6th February 1810

At Home Auction at the Acorn selling Timber for Mr Strangways

Henry Stephen Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester, Martin refers variously to him as Lord Ilchester or, as here, Mr Strangways.

7th -13th February 1810

At Home

12th February 1810

At Home

Martin may have been a devout Christian but he was no puritan. He clearly liked a book and there are a number of entries in the accounts section where he pays money to ‘luck’. He was a typical countryman who enjoyed hunting and shooting but there is no mention in the diaries of fishing.

Mr Anger was to receive allotments in the Bishopstone award.

This is probably James Crowdy born in 1783 an attorney who was living in Highworth in the 1841 census.

Mr Kent is unknown.


27th Nov 1809 Bishopstone Inclosures”]. “Mr Anger bets with Mr Kent that the Bishopstone Comon is 340 acres Mr Kent bets it is not Mr Anger bets with Mr Kent that its 7 Furlong from one Comon Gate to the other Mr Kent bets it is not Mr Crowdy bets with Mr Kent that Bishopstone Comon is 340 Acres Mr Kent bets it is not Mr Martin bets with Mr Anger that it is not more than 4 ½ around Bishopstone Comon Mr Anger bets its more”

14th February 1810

At Home Mr Bellamy at Capt Jennings with Mrs Bellamy Thos [Thomas] & his Sister

This was John Jennings, brother to William Jnr. and cousin to John Martin. He was a solicitor but also at this time Captain in the Western Battalion of the Volunteer Militia.

15th -18th February 1810

At Home

19th February 1810

At Home

A further example of his interest in agriculture.

Bishopstone Inclosure Cropping above Ridgeway Wheat then Beans or Pulses after that Barley or Oats with Clover & Grass the Grass Field lies two years & then to wheat again—————- New Sown Wheat – old Grass Field New Grass Field wheat stubs [sic] &c Bean Stubs – making together a Five Field system Cropping Below Ridgeway Wheat then Beans or Pulses after the Barley or Oats then Fallow for wheat New Sown wheat, Summer Fallow, wheat Stubs & Barley or Oats making a 4 Field System.

20thFebruary 1810

Went to Abbotsbury to Stake out roads and settle the Claims Finally Carriage of Map 5s

The Abbotsbury Inclosure, had begun in 1809 and was to be completed in 1814. The Commissioner was William Jennings, the Clerk was his brother John Jennings and the surveyor John Martin. The principal land owner was the Earl of Ilchester.

21st-25th February 1810

At Abbotsbury

Gave Maid at Abbotsbury Ostler 5s

Paid my Bill there £2 0s 3d

26th February 1810

At Abbotsbury

dined at Mr Crews

27th February 1810

Returned Home from Abbotsbury

28th February 1810

At Home


1st – 3rd March 1810

At Home

From the 17th century onwards the fallow field had been planted with clover. As a nitrogen fixing plant it helped restore the fertility of the soil as well as providing an edible crop for animals during the winter.

An Artificial called Lucerne The seed is about [3s a lb??] and 16 £8 will sow an acre durable for 15 years good mown once the first year twice the second & 3 times a year after—

4th March 1810

At Home Uncle at Evershot

Which uncle it was is not known.

5th March 1810

Went to Oborne to buy Vellum

Paid Bill for Vellum £6 6s 0d

Turnpike 1 1/2d

Vellum, made from calf skin was the preferred surface on which to draw maps. It has great longevity. There were Parchment makers at both Oborne and Sherborne.

6th – 7th March 1810

At Home

8th March 1810

Went to Shipton Gorge with Mr Palin to set him Measuring

Turnpike 1 1/2d [again]

There is no actual gorge at Shipton [note the spelling in this entry] the parish is probably named after one Thomas de Gorge who lived here in 1285.

This is the first reference to an assistant helping him with his work. Professional people, or ‘gentlemen’ are always referred to as Mr xxxx. This is a contraction of Master xxxx used in earlier centuries to denote the individual was a gentleman. See section on the poor law.

9th – 12thMarch 1810

At Home

13th March 1810

Went to Abbotsbury

14th March 1810

Abbotsbury meeting to hear objections to roads.

15th -16th March 1810


17th March 1810

Do.. making alterations by Commissioners orders on map to be o’kay’d

The first reference to OK being used in English [according to Wikipedia} is in 1839 in the Boston Morning Post. It would appear to have been used at a much earlier date in the UK.

One of the first uses of the term ok’d?

18th March 1810

At Home

19th March 1810

At Home

This is typical of the type of notice that was attached to the church door and adverted in the local newspapers. Perhaps he was practising when he wrote this out.

“We the undersigned Commissioners named and apptd by an act of Prlt lately made and passed intitled An Act for inclosing the Comons and Waste Lands in the parish of ……….Do. hereby give notice that I have set out and appd the following public carriage roads and drove ways as dictatd by the sd Act the general lines of which roads are as follows one public Carriage road 30 Feet wide one other public Carriage 30 ft A Drove way 20 feet wide And I hereby give notice that I have prepared Maps on which such intended roads are accurately laid Do.wn and described which may be seen at the offices ##### at Mr M my surveyor at &c I have further appointed &c Do. hereby appt a meeting to be holden at – on—- at which meeting all such persons as may be #### or affected by the appointment of such roads may attend

20th – 25th March 1810

At Home


26th March 1810

At Home making off on Map the bound of y [the] different Stock on the Comon to be charged for

Another enigmatic entry. Note the contraction of ye for ‘the’ and comon with one m.

27thMarch 1810

At Home

28th March 1810

Plush Meeting at Cerne to settle Accounts

My Share of Bill 7s

The Plush inclosure Act was passed in 1809. The impression is sometimes gained from the inclosure entries that the end of the process is nigh but so often the final awards were not made until years later. The Plush award took until 1825 to complete and Bishopstone 1814.

29th March 1810

At Home

30th March 1810

set off for Plaitford slept at Woodyates Inn

Expences [sic] this day 16s 6d

Pd for 3 pairs of Stockings at Blandford 12s 6d

The Woodyates Inn [Later the Shaftesbury Inn] was on the stage coach route to Exeter. It had been turnpiked after 1753. George 111 had his own room in the Inn and insisted on stopping here when he visited Weymouth. Lieutenant Lapontiere stopped at the Inn on his way from Falmouth to London with the first news of the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

31st March 1810

Meeting at Plaitford to sale [sic] Timber Wellow Inclosure

My Fee £10 10s

Another inclosure. William Jennings once again the commissioner.

Woodyates Inn was famous in it’s day.


1st April 1810

set off from The Shoe at Plaitford to Bishopstone slept at Andover

The pub still exists and their website states that an Inn has existed on the site since 1420.

2ndApril 1810

Arrived at Shrivenham about 7 o’k [o’clock]

Expences [sic] this day 8s 6d

charge 10s 6d for carriage of map

3rd -7th April 1810

Valuing at Bishopstone

Valuing was arguably the most important part of any inclosure for the amount of land a man received was dependent on the value of the land he already held.

8th April 1810

Went to Shrivenham Church & walk’d to Watchfield in afternoon

Paid my Bill £7 4s 7d

Pd man bringing papers to Bishopstone 10s

A surveyor typically earned a guinea [£1 1 shilling] a day whilst he was working plus expenses. A commissioner received two guineas a day. Martin would have had little reason to stint himself. An agricultural labourer was paid about 8s 6d [42 p] a week.

9th14th April 1810

Valuing at Bishopstone

15th April 1810

Arrived at Mr Wilsons and din’d

16th April 1810

At Bishopstone completing map

17thApril 1810


18th April 1810

Do. taking up the Arable from the pasture in the Homesteads in order to

Calculate the Vicars Tithe Apples &c

One of those entries that defies any kind of explanation. He ran this entry across into the accounts section.

19th April 1810

Completing the above on the Map

20th April 1810

Finding out of property din’d with Mr Moore at Mr Browns

Paid Thomas Short for attendg the Commissioners 5 days 12 6d

The Boys Do. 11s

Old Sayer drawing chain 5s

Paid Taylor attendg the Commissioner 5 days 12s 6d

Short and Taylor all together 10 days see above vis from y 4th of April to the 14th £2 10 0d

A host of people but none can be traced. The 20th was Good Friday in 1810 but you would hardly know it from the diaries.

All of these entries have a large red B alongside them the significance of which is lost.

21st April 1810

Staking out Public Roads and this day us’d 260 pegs

One of the enduring but least mentioned features of inclosures were the new roads that were laid out. Public ones were paid for at public expense and served the needs of the community whereas private roads served the landowners fields.

22nd April 1810

Din’d at Mr Churches

Easter Sunday and it is a surprise that nowhere in the diaries does he record this important Christian Festival.

23rd April 1810

Staking out Roads -used 170 pegs

Paid Taylor for a new waist coat 18s

More stakes. They Do. not appear in later diaries but were necessary for laying out the new roads and allotments.

24th April 1810

Made Map of Roads for Mr Crowdy

25th– 27thApril 1810

Finding out property

28th April 1810

Returning Home charge this being

Finding out property [erased ]

return home from meeting

Paid for Lucerne seed £1

Paid Labourers finding out property £1

£1 Received of Mr Field for the Lucerne seed

Martin was obviously impressed with the new grass known as Lucerne such that he actually bought some of it [and then resold it].

29th April 1810


30th April 1810

At Home making Abbotsbury scheme



1st -5th May 1810

Do. [At Home making Abbotsbury scheme]

6thMay 1810

At Home

7th May 1810

At Home making Abbotsbury Scheme

Canvas was a generic term. Why it needed to be sewn is not known.

8thMay 1810


9th May 1810

Do. Pasting Paper for Pitton and Farley

Paid for Canvas and sewing 13s

This is the first entry where he is “Pasting paper”. Paper at this time was generally made from rags. A little later in the century wood pulp would begin to be used but in either case it had to be ‘sized’ in order to prevent ink or paint from bleeding into the fibres. It is not known what he sized the paper with. Gelatine was used until 1806 after which aluminium sulphate and rosin was invented.

10th -11th May 1810

Making Abbotsbury Scheme

Paid for oil case for carrying Bishopstone map 8s 6d

12th May 1810

Set off for Bishopstone

Expenses 14s 4d

About £20 in today’s money.

13th May 1810

arrived at Bishopstone abt 5 o/k

Expenses 5s 4d

Carriage of Map 10s 6d

14th May 1810

Hearing Objections to Roads at Bishopstone

15th May 1810

Bishopstone Meeting


16th -19th May 1810


20th May 1810

Returning Home

21stMay 1810

Returned Home from Bishopstone Preparing for Abbotsbury

22nd May 1810

Abbotsbury Meeting Allotting

23rd -29th May 1810


30th May 1810

Returned Home

Received on Acct of WJ———–

— Paid Expenses £5 10s 2d

— £30———–

31st May 1810

Allotting Abbotsbury making Scheme complete &c



1st -2nd June 1810


3rdJune 1810

Do. some part of the day

4thJune 1810

Allotting Abbotsbury

5thJune 1810

Sale at Benville did not sell the house it was bought in at 115£ [sic]


£1 1 0d Reced of Mr J J

According to Hutchins Benville was ” a little hamlet in Frampton liberty, about a mile from Corscombe, of which we

have no ancient account in our records.” On the OS 6 inch to the mile maps it comprised a manor house and farm and a few houses. The meaning of the entry is not known.

6th June 1810

Taking Inventory & valuing goods at Mr Pattens

charge £1 1s 0d

William Patten was a surgeon and apothecary resident at Evershot. He died in 1810 and this was a post-mortem sale.

7thJune 1810

Making out Fair Valuations of Do. ½ day went Measuring on Bubbdown ½ day

Bubbdown is a part of Melbury Bubb. Modern aerial photos overlaid on the OS 6 inch map show the extent of the woodland to be identical to that of the past. Many fine trees were sent from here to supply the navy, many sold by John Martin.

8thJune 1810

finishd Measuring Coppice Wood at Melbury 40 a[cres] 0 r[oods] 6 p[erches] @ 8d

£1 6s 8d

Coppiced woods were widespread in Dorset and very valuable. They were classed as Silva Caedua or underwood and were subject to the tithe. Maiden [uncoppiced trees] when felled were not tithed.

We see here also how much he charged for measuring 8d an acre. He threw the perches in free.

9thJune 1810

Sitting Day at Evershot

It is not clear what this refers too, possibly the annual court Leet at Evershot.

10th June 1810

At Home

11thJune 1810

Allotting Abbotsbury

12th -16thJune 1810


Paid John Miles for Distributing Dr Pattens Hand Bills 2s 6d

17th June 1810

At Home Mr & Mrs Draper came Uncle Thomas also

Thomas was a common name on both sides of the family. This was probably Thomas Jennings brother to John Jennings and William Jnr.

18thJune 1810

Abbotsbury Allotting

19th—20th June 1810


21st June 1810

Dr Pattens Sale

22nd June 1810

Do. Sale

23rd June 1810

Do. receiving &c

24th June 1810

At Home

Paid Bath Chronicle £8 6s 0d

Recd again £8 6s 0d

Presumably this was for an advert for one of the inclosure meetings but the notice cannot be traced. Nor can the £8 6s which he received again.

25th June 1810

Met Mr Jn Miller at Alton & measured some Lanes [sic] for him

Alas, unknown.

26thJune 1810

At Home Abbotsbury

27th -30th June 1810




1st July 1810

At Home

2nd July 1810

At Home Abbotsbury

3rdJuly 1810


4th July 1810

No Quality’s &c on Bishopstone

5th -7th July 1810


8th July 1810

Set off for Bishopstone

9th July 1810

Bishopstone Meeting in the Evening

Charge 10s 6d for carriage of Map

Expenses Up £1 2s 0d

10thJuly 1810

Bishopstone revising Values

11th -13th July 1810


Pd Expenses at Sh[rivenha]M £3 0s 6d

Paid Man & Boys at Bishop[stone] for attending Comm[issione]r 9 days viz 15th May to the 19th inclusive &c 11th & 12th July £1 15s 0d

Another Red B by these entries.


-15thJuly 1810

Returning Home

[These days I did not return but it must be charged]

16thJuly 1810

Proving claims at Bishopstone

17th -20th July 1810


21stJuly 1810

Sitting Day at Evershot

Dr Pattens Sale not due this Sitting

Sitting Days generally have to do with parliament or the Courts. It is probably a reference to Evershot Court.

22ndJuly 1810


23rd July 1810

Proving claims at Bishopstone

24th -29thJuly 1810


30thJuly 1810

Proving claims at Bishopstone

31stJuly 1810




1st -5thAugust 1810


6th August 1810

Proving Claims at Bishopstone

7thAugust 1810

Travelling to Bishopstone

Paid for Man at Shrivn [ham] for carrying papers & map thereto 1s 6d

Paid Man for Carriage of Map to Shrivenham 1s 6d

8thAugust 1810

Do.– I was at Bishopstone But suppose must charge

Do. for Carriage back to Bishopstone and papers 1s 6d

9th August 1810

Bishopstone Meeting 11 o/k in the forenoon

10th August 1810

Bishopstone hearing objections to new set out road

11th August 1810

Returning Home

Carriage of map 10s 6d

Paid my share of bill £1 4s

12thAugust 1810


13th August 1810

At Bishopstone staking Ladder way Road again the Surveyors having altered it since I staked it out

14th August 1810

Measuring the Idstone and Bishopstone Roads for the Information of the Commissioners 1 days work

Paid Man for drawing chain measuring said Road 3s 6d

Boy Do. 2s 6d

The result is shown in the panel below. This was actually written inside the diary cover.


From Mr Churches Barn up the Middleway & over the Down in the same track a new road is talked of to the place where the Idstone and Lambourn Roads unite Measures 240 chains – And from such place of uniting Back by Lord Cravens House Do.wn Idstone Drove Ridgeway again unto Mr Church’s Barn measures 294 Chain making Idstone 46 chain the Furthest way

15th August 1810

Went to Highworth to see Mr Crowdy respecting Beckett

Paid Man making Pegs £3 3s 9d

Mr James Crowdy was a local solicitor. The Beckett estate was owned by Lord Barrington and by the early 19th century was in a state of poor repair. Inventories apparently show that during the 1800 – 1810 period it was gradually being dismantled. The current house [occupied by the Army] was started in 1829.[1]

16th August 1810

Set off for Home

Expenses on the Road £1 1s 0d

17thAugust 1810

arrived Home

18thAugust 1810

Bishopstone Map

19thAugust 1810

Dind at Mr Pattens at Beers Do.wn

20thAugust 1810

Bishopstone Map Scaling

Having surveyed the estate parish or field the measurements had to be translated to a map scale. Typically this was three chains [66 yards] of real length being represented by one inch on the map. A mile of real length would be represented by just over 26 inches on the map.

21st—25th August 1810


26th August 1810

Dind with Capt. Jennings and rode to Cattistock & Rampisham

27thAugust 1810

Scaling Bishopstone

28thAugust 1810


29thAugust 1810

Do. & took an Inventory of C Chubbs Goods

The Chubbs ran the Acorn mid century but C Chubb has not been identified.

30thAugust 1810

Do. and Held the Sale of Do.

31stAugust 1810

Do. – Do.



1st September 1810

went to Cattistock to alter line between Mr Cozens & Mr Isles

Paid for Pegs & Man 4s 6d

2nd September 1810

Dined at Home

3rd September 1810

Pitton and Farley Inclosure Meeting The Spread Eagle ###

11 o/k

I did not attend this Meeting Bishopstone Map Scaling

The inclosure here began in 1809. The last we heard from him working on this was in May 1810 when he was pasting paper for the map. I have not found any connection with the Earl of Ilchester.

4th September 1810

Abbotsbury Meeting 5 o/k

5th—9th September 1810

At Abbotsbury meeting

Went to Bridport Harbour by Water with Commissioner 7s

10th11th September 1810

At Abbotsbury meeting

12th—15th September 1810

Staking out allotments

16th September 1810

At Abbotsbury

17th September 1810

Staking out allotments

18th September 1810

Returned Home

Further Expenses £1 15s

19th -20th September 1810

Altering allotments in meadow

Borrowed of Mrs Jennings £2 

Inserted in red.

21st September 1810

Bishopstone Map

Paid Thomas Flow for Carriage of Box & Papers from Bishopstone 6s 1d

22nd September 1810


23rd September 1810

At home

24th September 1810

Bishopstone Map

25th29th September 1810


30th September 1810

At Home



1st October 1810

Bishopstone Map

2nd October 1810

Went to Long Sutton Meeting

This was a very protracted inclosure with the original act authorising inclosure being passed in 1797. William Jennings Jnr. was appointed surveyor and mapped part of the land in 1803. The award was not finally enrolled in the courts until 1822.

Martin was clearly involved in the inclosure but there is little in the diaries to indicate his precise role.

3rd5th October 1810

At Long Sutton

6th October 1810

Returned Home from Long Sutton

7th October 1810

Went to Abbotsbury in the evening to stake out Meadow

8th October 1810

Stak’d out Meadow Abbotsbury

My Expenses 15s 4d

9th October 1810

At home Working out Litchet [sic] Matravers Map for Mr Henning

The Henning family seemingly had branches in most parts of Dorset but I have not been able to find any near Lytchet Matravers.

10th October 1810

Set off for Bishopstone

11th October 1810

Bishopstone Meeting in the Evening settling Calculations

12th13th October 1810

Bishopstone Meeting

14th October 1810

Returning Home

My Expenses £1 6s 0d

Carriage of Map 10s 6d

Expenses up and down £1 4s

15th October 1810

Returning Home from Bishopstone

16th October 1810

Stakd out Lambourn Road at Bishopstone

17th October 1810

Took up Grass in lower Field this is the day I returned Home rainy weather

18th October 1810

Working about Bishopstone

19th– 20th October 1810


21st October 1810

At Home

22nd October 1810

Working about Bishopstone

23rd October 1810


24th October 1810

Do. preparing to set off for Farley in the Evening

25th October 1810

Sett [sic] off for Farley slept at Salisbury

Expenses this Journey 19s 6d

Paid for a New head to the Bridle 2s 8d

26th October 1810

Arrived at Farley about 12 o /clock went round the bounds of the Manor

Paid for a pair of gaiters 7s

Turnpike 6d

27thOctober 1810

Began Measuring fine weather Thomas Parsons & a Boy for the Chain

The Parsons family were extensive in the parish. Thomas was probably born in 1776 and is shown in the 1841 census as a Farmer.

28th October 1810

At Farley

out all day Measuring took a very

Bad Cold never worked

same Boy & Man [no money entered].

29th October 1810

out all day Measuring T Parsons and Levi Parsons as before – cold still very Bad

Levi was born in 1795 and another member of the extended family. Possibly a cousin to Thomas.

30th October 1810

out all day Levi Parsons and his Cousin for Chain cold no better

31stOctober 1810

out all day T Parsons & Levi again cold no better


1st November 1810

Pitton and Farley out all day

2nd3rd November 1810


4th November 1810

Dined at Mr Cooks Farley

5th November 1810

Pitton & Farley out all day

6th November 1810


7th November 1810


Paid Two Pounds for Lodgings £2

Borrowed the above of Thomas Parsons

This was a considerable amount of money. Almost £100 in today’s money indicating Parsons was a prosperous man.

8th November 1810

Returned Home

Expenses returning Home 10s

9th November 1810

Casting Bishopstone

Having measured a field [or a whole estate] the area of each component part had to be calculated – a process known as casting.

10th November 1810


11th November 1810

At Home

12th November 1810

Casting Bishopstone

13th -17th November 1810


18th November 1810

At Home J Draper was here to Dinner

19th November 1810

Casting Bishopstone

20th November 1810

Pitton and Farley Meeting 10 o/clock in the Forenoon

I did not attend

21st November 1810

Casting Bishopstone

22nd November 1810


23rd November 1810

Do. Mr Palin At abbotsbury for me [sic]

24thNovember 1810


25th November 1810

Do. Mr Stile at abbotsbury

26th November 1810

Bishopstone Casting

Mr Palin returned from Abby

My Expenses at Abbotsbury & Mr Palins £2 6s 1d

27th -30th November 1810

Working about Bishopstone



1st December 1810


£20 Recd of Mr W J on account

2nd December 1810

Do. uncle Thomas was here

3rd December 1810

Working about Bishopstone

4th December 1810


5th December 1810

Sett off for Bishopstone

slept at Warminster

6th December 1810

Slept at Warminster Swindon

Expenses on the Road £1 6s 6d

7th December 1810

Slept at

Slept at Swindon

arrivd at Shrivenham abt 9

8th December 1810

Bishopstone Inclosure preparing to Allot

9th December 1810


10th December 1810

At Shrivenham Bishopstone Inclosure making Scheme

11th-13th December 1810


14th December 1810

Alloting [sic]

Pd Bishopstone Hayward 3s

Pd for Eating for Labourers4s 6d

The Hayward was responsible for the maintenance of the hedgerows and fences in the parish. Even in an open parish there had to be some protection of the arable fields from grazing animals.

15th December 1810


16th December 1810

Left of for Home slept at Devizes

My Share of Bill £5 17s

17th December 1810

Returning Home from Bishopstone

18th December 1810

Returning Home from Do.

Expenses returning Home £1 2s 0d

19th December 1810

At Home about Bishopstone

Paid Mr Denny for General Survey Book for Bishopstone 10s 6d

20th -22nd December 1810


Carriage of Map 10s 6d

23rd December 1810

At Home

24th December 1810

At Home

Working About Bishopstone

25th December 1810

Christmas Day

There was no extended holiday at Christmas or any other time.

26th December 1810

Working about Bishopstone

27th December 1810


28th December 1810

Went to Yeovil to meet Mr White respecting the Yeovil Charity with Mr W Jennings

Which charity this was is not known. This is the first specific mention of William Jennings.

29th December 1810

Working about Bishopstone

30th December 1810

At Home

31st December 1810

Sale at Evershot House Malthouse and premises belonging to J Chubb


The last day of 1810