The Piddlehinton inclosure was introduced on the 9th November 1830 immediately before a series of petitions against slavery. Three days later it received it’s first reading and then progressed rapidly through parliament receiving the Royal assent on 23rd December. The Piddlehinton inclosure is described in an excellent article on the Piddlehinton History website  from which the following information has been taken.
In 1440 King Henry VI founded Eton College and to support it endowed it with 67 properties one of which was the manor of Piddlehinton. In 1832 they were still the Lord of the Manor and principle landowner in the parish. There were a few other landowners though, one of whom, in 1814,was John Baverstock Knight.
The 19th century inclosure was not the first in the parish, this had taken place in 1620 when the College decided to inclose the demesne land of the parish known as the Manor Farm. The consequences of this and the future inclosure are seen in various surveys over time. In 1620 there were some 30 tenant farmers holding arable land and with a right of common pasture on the downs, together with 10 tenants who had the right of grazing but who held no arable land.
The reasons given for inclosure in the 19th century were of the standard form, “The open and common fields were intermixed, inconveniently situated and incapable of improvement. It was to the great advantage of the Owners or Proprietors if the same were divided and inclosed and specific shares allotted in proportion to the peoples’ estates”.
The manor before inclosure contained three common arable fields, common grazing and the inevitable waste. There were still a goodly number of copyhold tenants, 35 or so, but the area they cultivated seems to have shrunk dramatically compared to 1620. Nevertheless the right of common pasture had survived with the rate being set at one cow and 20 sheep per 10 acres of arable land, although. Inclosure swept these away. “The poor were denied the right to “cut, dig, pare, flay or carry away any turf, sod, furze or fuel” from the commons or waste land without the permission of the Commissioner. If they did, they were liable for a fine of 5 shillings [25p] or the confiscation of their goods.”
Some 17 interested parties registered their rights under the Act but only 5 received allocations of land. Eton College retained the ownership of most of the parish. The subject of inclosure has been hotly disputed by modern historians, who have doubtless never been dispossessed of their rights, but the Piddlehinton website describes the effects in Piddlehinton; the poor being denied even their right to catch rabbits.
Martin worked for Eton College on several occasions, an entry in his diary from 1838 notes that he banked £16 “Received of Mr Ingram [the Steward] Eton College Charlton  map”and the court roll from Piddlehinton, owned by Eton College, notes they paid “Mr Martin’s Bill for Map of Piddlehinton £34.10.0” in the same year. He is not known to have drawn the tithe map of the parish which was completed in this year and Kain has no attribution for the map. The apportionment was done by Levi Luckham of Broadway, Dorset but one wonders why Eton College were paying for so many maps.
|7th January 1832||Writing Names in Fields in Piddle Hinton Map|
|9th January 1832||Piddle Hinton Inclosure
Making Particular Survey of Qualities
|16th January 1832||Working upon Piddle Hinton Particular Survey|
|18th January 1832||Doing Various Jobs and done a little to Piddle Hinton P Survey|
|27th January 1832||Working on Piddle Hinton examining Claims &c and writing names in Furlongs|
|28th January 1832||Went to Dorchester respecting Piddle Hinton claims slept at Waterson at Mr Hardings|
|2nd February 1832||Piddle Hinton
Preparing Collecting Sheets
|3rd February 1832||Piddle Hinton
Writing names in Fields and Furlongs
|8th – 10th February 1832||Piddle Hinton
Went to Piddle to complete State of Property
|15th February 1832||Working on Piddle Hinton Map completing State of Property and collecting Sheets for Geo Baldwin to begin collecting|
|16th February 1832||Preparing Collecting Sheets for Piddle Hinton|
|28th February 1832||Piddle Hinton Inclosure
attending Commnr respg Mr Churchills claim and other matters relating to the inclosure slept at the Antelope
|1st March 1832||Piddle Hinton inclosure
Went to Piddle Hinton respg Public Roads
|22nd March 1832||P Hinton inclosure
Attending at Piddle Hinton respecting Roads
|12th April 1832||Piddle Hinton Inclosure
Putting Qualities on the Map of West Down – and making alterations in castings on acct of the New Road
|13th April 1832||Piddle Hinton Inclosure
Taking up the New Road on the East Side of the Parish in order to lay it down on the Map Mr Knight attended
|16th April 1832||Gardening and laying down the East Road on Piddle Hinton Map|
|18th April 1832||Piddle Hinton inclosure
Laying down the New Road on the Map and putting the Parish in Districts preparatory to making General Survey
|11th May 1832||Piddle Hinton inclosure
Attendg Commnr revising Valuation of Lands
|15th May 1832||Putting in Qualities in Piddle Hinton West Down &c &c|
|16th May 1832||Making Particulars calculations of Maiden Newton Road putting in Qualities in P Hinton East down and went to Woolcombe Rook Shooting|
|15th June 1832||Piddle Hinton Inclosure
Taking up Roads on the West Down and part of the Arable Fields ½ a Day charge 1 guinea
|16th June 1832||Piddle Hinton
Making Rough Scheme for Allotting £2 2s 0d
|9th July 1832||Piddle Hinton inclosure
Journey to Piddle Hinton Measuring Cox’s Road work
|1st August1832||Attending at Piddle Hinton to Stake Sale Allottments|
|6th August 1832||Piddle Hinton inclosure
Went to Dorchester & met Commnr & Settled the advertisement& description of Sale Lots
|9th August1832||Piddle Hinton inclosure
Making Maps of Sale Allotments
2 Presumably Charlton Down.